Although I have written about 20 posts on “Arminanism and Calvinism,” this topic is relatively a small part of my “bog” (My user name is “bography”). It is, however, very important because it deals with the role of man and God in salvation.
When Calvinism is contrasted with Arminianism, what first comes to mind is God’s role and man’s role in coming to faith. The Calvinist says that man plays no cooperative or contributive role in coming to faith, while the Arminian says that man cooperates with God in that man turns his heart to God, that is, exercises his will to come to faith. In Calvinism, God first regenerates the sinner and then gives the sinner the gift of faith, while in Arminianism, regeneration follows the sinner’s acceptance of God’s offer of salvation. Faith, for the Arminian is something the believer does, not something God gives, as Calvinism understands it.
Here is a verbatim conversation between an agnostic and a Calvinist, moi. We both had Jewish parents. The agnostic did not grow up in a Jewish-keeping home whereas I did. The issues discussed deal with differences between Calvinism and Arminianism in relation to faith, works and assurance of salvation.
Agnostic Jew (AJ): You say that it’s not ok for Arminians to ask God to forgive them and then go ahead and repeat their sin and then ask for forgiveness again etc and assume that they are saved. (Because their being saved has nothing to do with their deeds, only with God’s choice).What about Calvinists? You say they are saved because God has chosen them. But what if these saved Calvinists commit murder or something? Are you assuming that, because they are saved, Calvinists never sin?
Calvinist Jew (CJ): One’s life indicates whether one is regenerated or not. So whether you are Arminian or Calvinist, the evidence of your faith lies in the fruit it bears in your thoughts, actions and attitudes.
AJ: So, then it IS possible that a saved Calvinist can be lost if he/she sins? So it DOES have quite a lot to do with the person him/herself? So in spite of God’s choosing to save a particular individual, that person can still be condemned?
CJ: With regard to losing your salvation, a Calvinist says no, an Arminian says yes. In Calvinism, salvation is wholly a work of the Lord (monergism – mono “alone; ergon “work”). In Arminianism, salvation ultimately depends on man (synergism – syn “together”; ergon “work”), where man and God cooperate in salvation.
In Calvinism, 1. if good works do not accompany faith, this means you had a false faith, and 2. you are assured that you will never lose your faith. If you do “lose” it, it means you did not have true faith.
In Arminianism, there are two main attitudes towards “works”: 1. The Protestant view – works cannot save you, 2. The Roman Catholic view – works (plus faith) save you. In all Arminian views, you CAN lose your faith again and again and again. The reason is that you get to decide your salvation, and you know how fickle the human heart is. I give a more comprehensive explanation here.
AJ – I see what you mean.
End of conversation
Now, if an agnostic and a (clever) Jew to boot can see what I mean, why is it that Arminians (both Jewish and Gentile) kick against the pricks? Simply, as the Bible says, it is God who opens or keeps shut blind eyes – so that no one may (even be tempted to) boast.
Does the fact that we’re both Jewish contribute to the content? Not really, but the title did grab your attention. Crafty.
- The Chimera of Neo-gnostic Calvinism (onedaringjew.wordpress.com)
- Archibald Alexander and how we come to faith: Thank God that he never depends on human understanding to bring us to faith (onedaringjew.wordpress.com)